Sapna Municipality

Summary

The present-day municipality of Sapna was separated from the pre-1992 municipality of Zvornik, and today lies within Tuzla Canton, in the Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina entity.

As part of Zvornik municipality, the NOB heritage of present-day Sapna municipality was the subject of the 1991 study Kulturno-istorijsko i prirodno nasljeđe – opština Zvornik, created by the Tuzla Institute for the Protection and Use of Culturo-Historical and Natural Heritage. Within the boundaries of present-day Sapna municipality, a total of 4 monuments were documented as having existed at this time. It was also mentioned that an ossuary was located in the settlement of Rožanj, but this was neither found by field researchers at that time nor recorded in the study. In addition to the four monuments recorded in the study and the ossuary in Rožanj, evidence of a memorial plaque having existed in the settlement of Erići was also found during preparatory work for field research, which was conducted in May 2018 by Andrew Lawler and Milan Golijanin. Of these six monuments and memorials, two fountains were found to survive in non-working condition, one memorial plaque has been destroyed (with the fragments retained and stored by a local resident), and no trace could be found of a further two memorial plaques. Meanwhile, the memorial ossuary was relocated from its original site to a nearby monastery in recent years.

It is worth noting that Sapna municipality’s current spatial plan, valid from 2013 to 2033 (Općina Sapna, 2016) does not include any monuments or memorials commemorating the NOB within the list of monuments currently identified as existing upon its territory (pp. 115-118).

 


Monuments & Memorials


Village/MZ Address Name Type Year Author Still Exists Date Mapped Description
Skakovica Fountain to commemorate the VI Proletarian Eastern Bosnian Brigade Fountain 1952 Yes May 2018 Fountain in poor condition and no longer in function.
Rastošnica Obršina, local clinic Plaque to commemorate V Vojvodinian Brigade Memorial Plaque Unknown May 2018 Plaque removed during 2002 renovations, and never returned.
Rožanj Plaque to commemorate Victims of Fascist Terror Memorial Plaque 1967 In storage May 2018 Commemorates 98 Victims of Fascist Terror. Plaque destroyed during 1992-95 war. Fragments retained by resident.
Rožanj Ossuary of Victims of Fascist Terror Ossuary 1967 Relocated May 2018 Originally situated beside čitaonica. Relocated to local monastery in 2014.
Erići Plaque to commemorate V Vojvodinian Brigade Memorial Plaque No April 2018 No longer exists. Possibly removed prior to 1991.
Vitinica Beside elementary school Fountain to commemorate the NOB Fountain 1982 Yes May 2018 Restored after 1998, with inscription altered.

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Map

Map image cap

Key

Number Name
1 Fountain to commemorate the VI Proletarian Eastern Bosnian Brigade, Skakovica
2 Plaque to commemorate V Vojvodinian Brigade, Rastošnica
3 Plaque to commemorate Victims of Fascist Terror, Rožanj
4 Ossuary of Victims of Fascist Terror, Rožanj
5 Plaque to commemorate V Vojvodinian Brigade, Erići
6 Fountain to commemorate the NOB, Vitinica
(precise coordinates can be obtained by contacting the author

Resources

Općina Sapna (2016) Prostorni Plan Općine Sapna 2013-2033 (nacrt plana). Banja Luka: "Institut za Građevinarstvo – IG", d.o.o. 215 pp.
Tihić, Smail (1981) Dovršena akcija na poslovima terenske evidencije i analizi spomen obilježja NOR-a i revolucije in Naše Starine XIV-XV (1981) pp.253-256.
Zavod za zaštitu i korištenje kulturno-istorijskog i prirodnog nasljeđa Tuzla (1991) Kulturno-istorijsko i prirodno nasljeđe – opština Zvornik pp.215-245