Živinice Municipality

Summary

The present-day municipality of Živinice’s borders remain unchanged from those it had prior to 1992. Today it lies in Tuzla Canton, in the Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina.

In June 1970, a survey conducted in Živinice municipality recorded a total of 6 monuments and memorials to the People's Liberation War and Revolution (2 memorial plaques, 2 busts, 1 monument and 1 cemetery). The NOB heritage of Živinice municipality was also the subject of the 1987 study Studija kulturno-historijskog i prirodnog naslijeđa opštine Živinice, created by the Tuzla Institute for the Protection and Use of Culturo-Historical and Natural Heritage, which documented a total of 11 such monuments and memorials. During the course of research, it was also discovered that an additional memorial plaque had been unveiled in the settlement of Đurđevik in 1991, subsequent to the publication of the 1987 study. Likewise, it was discovered that another monument had been constructed in the settlement of Gračanica, as well as a further monument, at a site colloquially known as "Pernička Ćuprija", on the bank of the Spreča river. These sites were all recorded by Edita Mušić and Dženita Goletić between June and October 2018. 

It is worth noting here that Živinice municipality’s 2012-2032 Spatial Plan (Općine Živinice, 2012) has a section dedicated to natural and culture-historical heritage (pp.13-14). In this, a brief summary is made, stating “It is important to mention that on the territory of the municipality there are also memorials and monuments of more recent dates, such as: Partisans’ Cemetery in Živinice, the Korita locality on Mačkovac – Grave of National Hero Peja Marković, etc.” (p.14). However, no further elaboration on the condition, location or protected status of these monuments is given.


Monuments & Memorials


Village/MZ Address Name Type Year Author Still Exists Date Mapped Description
Živinice Beside football stadium Partisans' cemetery Cemetery 1957 Yes July 2018 First inhumations in 1957, elements added 1959, headstones added 1968, memorial wall added 1973-4. In moderate condition.
Donje Dubrave Donje Dubrave Elementary School Bust of Mitar Trifunović Učo Bust 1980 Pero Jelisić No July 2018 No trace of bust or pedestal survives.
Đurđevik Đurđevik elementary school Bust of Rade Marijanac Bust 1969 Dragiša Trifković, Rahman Šabanović No July 2018 Bust created by Dragiša Trifković, pedestal created by Rahman Šabanović. Pedestal survives, albeit with panelling removed.
Živinice Second Elementary School Bust of Mithat Haćam Aćim Bust 1982 No June 2018 Pedestal in situ, but in poor condition and covered with graffiti.
Živinice First Elementary School Bust of Vladimir Nazor Bust 1950 Franjo Leder No June 2018 Pedestal still in situ and in good condition.
Đurđevik Mine administration building Memorial relief at Đurđevik mine Artwork 1966 Dragiša Trifković Yes September 2018 In excellent condition
Živinice I. Ulica 74 Plaque to commemorate location of the local NOV command post Memorial Plaque 1949 Yes July 2018
Živinice I. Ulica 105 Plaque to commemorate the first teacher training course centre in North-Eastern Bosnia Memorial Plaque 1985 Yes July 2018
Kuljan Fountain to commemorate Victims of Fascist Terror Fountain 1974 Yes October 2018 Restored 2012, with commemorative plaque being replaced. Fountain in working condition.
Konjuh Korita Memorial Zone Memorial Park 1978 Dragiša Trifković Yes July 2018 Protected area since 1965, includes 2 cenotaphs and grave of Pejo Marković. Grave restored 2009. Relief by Trifković no longer survives.
Đurđevik Plaque to commemorate those who fell in the NOB Memorial Plaque 1991 Yes September 2018 Plaque restored between 1998 and 2014, and relocated c.15-20 metres.
Gračanica Gračanica Elementary School Monument to fallen fighters of the Tuzla NOP Detachment Monument 1990 Yes September 2018 Plaque possibly replaced some time after 1992
Krivača Pernička Ćuprija “Pernička Ćuprija” monument Monument 1987 Yes September 2018 Plaque seemingly replaced after 2002, possibly after 2011.
Živinice Kindergarten, Ul. 25. Novembar 3 Bust of Lucija Herljević Bust 1987 Pero Jelisić Still existed as of 2017.

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Map

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Key

Number Name
1 Partisan Memorial Cemetery, Živinice
2 Bust of Mitar Trifunović Učo, Donje Dubrave
3 Bust of Rade Marijanac, Đurđevik
4 Bust of Mithat Haćam Aćim, Živinice
5 Bust of Vladimir Nazor, Živinice
6 Memorial relief at Đurđevik mine, Đurđevik
7 Plaque to commemorate location of the local NOV command post, Živinice
8 Plaque to commemorate the first teacher training course centre in North-Eastern Bosnia, Živinice
9 Fountain to commemorate Victims of Fascist Terror, Kuljan
10 Korita Memorial Zone, Konjuh Mountain
11 Plaque to commemorate those who fell in the NOB, Đurđevik
12 Monument to fallen fighters of the Tuzla NOP Detachment, Gračanica
13 “Pernička Ćuprija” monument, Krivača
(precise coordinates can be obtained by contacting the author

Resources

Arhiv Tuzlanskog Kantona (2016) VODIC 4: III. OBRAZOVANJE, NAUKA, KULTURA pp. 144-202. Available: http://www.arhivtk.ba/VODIC/vodic4.pdf
Begović, Senad (2015) Spomeničko Nasljeđe na području Grada Tuzle, 46 pp. Tuzla: Zavod za zaštitu i korištenje kulturno-historijskog i prirodnog nasljeđa Tuzlanskog kantona. Available: https://www.bastina.ba/images/stories/sadrzaj/2015/20150108/spomenicko%20nasljee%20na%20podrucju%20grada%20tuzle.pdf
Delić, Alija A. (2012) Kuljan: Smiraj herojima. Available: http://www.zivinice.ba/arhiva/kuljan-smiraj-herojima-9106.html
Gadžo, Šefik (2011) SABNOR: Usvojeni Izvještaj i Program rada. Article published 20 April 2011. Available: http://www.zivinice.ba/arhiva/sabnorusvojeni-izvjestaj-i-program-rada-5256.html
Hadžimehmedović, Jasmin (2011) Sedamdeset pet godina Rudnika Đurđevik 1936-2011, 115 pp. Živinice: Rudnik mrkog uglja “Đurđevik”. Available: http://www.rudnikdjurdjevik.ba/download/75%20godina%20rudnika%20djurdjevik.pdf
Kićanović, Boško (ed.) (1988) Živinice kroz istoriju, revoluciju i socialističku izgradnju. Živinice: Društveno-političke organizacije i Skupština opštine Živinice.
Nišić, Emir (2014) Stari Nišani u Đurđeviku. Available: https://www.scribd.com/doc/223564282/STARI-NISANI-u-Djurdjeviku-Emir-Nisic
Općine Živinice (2012) Prostorni plan Općine Živinice za period 2012-2032.godine, 155pp. Sarajevo: IPSA Institut.
Tihić, Smail (1981) Dovršena akcija na poslovima terenske evidencije i analizi spomen obilježja NOR-a i revolucije in Naše Starine XIV-XV (1981) pp.253-256.
Trifković, Dragiša (1988) Tuzlanski vremeplov, vol. III, 224 pp. Tuzla: Univerzal Tuzla.
Unknown Author(s) (c.1977) Živinice. Živinice: Centar za Informisanje i Dokumentaciju “4 Oktobar” Živinice.
Vijesti iz organizacija: Živinice in Glas Antifašista VII/27, 2002, p.49. Sarajevo: SUBNOAR BiH.
Zavod za zaštitu i korištenje kulturno-istorijskog i prirodnog nasljeđa Tuzla (1987) Studija kulturno-historijskog i prirodnog naslijeđa opštine Živinice. Tuzla: Zavod za zaštitu i korištenje kulturno-istorijskog i prirodnog nasljeđa Tuzla.
Zakona o zaštiti prirode. Službeni list SRBiH no. 4/65
Zakona o proglašenju dijela područja planine Konjuh Zaštićenim pejzažom „Konjuh“. Službene novine Tuzlanskog kantona no. 13/09