The municipality of Lukavac lies in Tuzla Canton, in the Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina.
In a survey conducted in June 1970, 16 monuments and memorials to the People's Liberation War were recorded as existing on the territory of Lukavac municipality (2 memorial plaques, 4 fountains, 8 monuments of an artistic type, 1 grave, mass grave or ossuary, and 1 cemetery). In October 1979, Smail Tihić of the Republic Institute for the Protection of Monuments submitted a report to Lucavac’s municipal council, a copy of which survives to this day. The report, titled Aktuelni problemi sanacije, rekonstrukcije i prezentacije postojećih i izgradnje novih spomen-obilježja NOR-a i Revolucije (Current problems regarding the restoration, reconstruction and presentation of existing and construction of new memorials to the NOR and Revolution), names these sixteen monuments recorded in the 1970 survey. The report furthermore discusses a number of monuments in greater detail, in particular the memorial ossuary of fallen fighters of the NOR in Lukavac, the memorial obelisk on Patuševina, Turija, which was to be replaced shortly after the creation of the report, and the monument in Sižje, which had not yet been built.
In 2004, the municipal UBNOAR branch was commissioned to write a report on the current condition of monuments and memorials to the NOB on the territory of the municipality. This report, Spomenici NOB-a na području općine Lukavac (Monuments to the NOB on the territory of Lukavac municipality), contained a detailed list of all monuments within the municipality that were known to the Association, and summarized their condition at that time, accompanied by a photographic study. The report covers a total of 42 monuments. It must also be noted that this list erroneously included a bust of 19th century industrialist Ernest Solvay, which has been omitted from the report.
It must be noted that, in addition to the monuments mentioned here, during fieldwork undertaken by Adis Mujkić between September and December 2018, one additional monument – a memorial fountain in Mrka Ploča – was also discovered, and is included in this report. Additionally, while the UBNOAR documentation mentions only one monument upon the property of the elementary school in Smoluća, it was determined that, in fact, two separate monuments existed there, and therefore these are treated separately within this report. Also, information supplied by Semir Hadžimusić allowed the identification of a further monument on the territory of Lukavac municipality; a fountain in the village of Puračić known locally as Bukva (the name of the source, which has been used by villagers since at least as far back as the Ottoman period). This brings the total number of monuments and memorials to the People's Liberation War on the territory of Lukavac municipality to 45.
It is worth mentioning here that a detailed study of the memorial ossuary of fallen fighters of the NOR in Lukavac has been given by Senad Begović (2016, pp.459-468). His paper gives an extensive historical narrative of the monument, as well as an analysis of many archival texts important to understanding its creation and existence. The texts referenced therein have also proved invaluable for the creation of this report.
During the course of research, the memorial ossuary of fallen fighters of the NOR in Lukavac was declared a National Monument of Bosnia & Herzegovina. However, in November 2019, the final monument commemorating the NOR in the village of Puračić was destroyed. The monument, built in 1949/50, was one of the oldest to still survive on the territory of Tuzla Canton, and, despite a number of alterations to its surroundings and cladding, had maintained much of its original form up until its demolition.
Lukavac’s current spatial plan (2015, 273 pp.) does not mention any monuments to the People’s Liberation War specifically, but does contain the following statement: “A large number of cultural and historical monuments have been documented upon the territory of Lukavac municipality. Archaeological sites from the Middle Ages, and also monuments from the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian periods, and monuments to the NOB, have been recorded.” (p.147).
Monuments & Memorials
|Village/MZ||Address||Name||Type||Year||Author||Still Exists||Date Mapped||Description|
|Bokavići||In front of Dom Kultura||Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR||Monument||Yes||October 2018||Created between 1978 and 1980, restored 2017.|
|Prokosovići||Elementary school||Monument to Fallen Fighters and Victims of Fascist Terror||Monument||Predrag Sremčević||Yes||October 2018||Created shortly after 1978, restored c.2010-12|
|Prokosovići||Elementary school||Monument to fallen fighters of the NOR||Monument||1959||Yes||October 2018||Original plaque missing by 2004, replaced prior to 2018.|
|Bikodže||Memorial fountain to commemorate village residents who fell in 1943-44||Fountain||1960||Yes||October 2018||Restored at some point in time between 2004 and 2018|
|Gornje Poljice||Svatovac||Monument to Victims of Fascist Terror 1941-45||Monument||1981||Pero Jelisić||Yes||October 2018||In very poor condition, with bronze sculpture missing.|
|Gornje Poljice||Mjesna Zajednica building||Memorial fountain||Fountain||No||October 2018||Created after 1970. No trace survived by 2004.|
|Donje Poljice||Memorial fountain||Fountain||1986||Yes||October 2018||Poorly restored between 2004 and 2018.|
|Gornje Poljice||Poljice elementary school||Bust of NH Ragib Džindo||Bust||Srećko Galić||In storage||October 2019||Pedestal survives in situ, albeit in poor condition. Bust stored in school. Created after 1970.|
|Lukavac||Small park to north of town centre||Bust of Meho Tubić||Bust||1977||Yes||October 2018|
|Lukavac||Small park to north of town centre||Fountain to commemorate fallen fighters of the NOR||Fountain||Replaced||October 2018||Replaced 2001|
|Lukavac||Lukavac Mjesto elementary school||Bust of Aleksa Dundić||Bust||Unknown||October 2018||Created after 1970. Bust missing, but pedestal still in situ. Bust allegedly stored inside school.|
|Gornji Bistarac||Gornji Bistarac elementary school||Plaque to commemorate regional KPJ conference in March 1941||Memorial Plaque||1961||Yes||October 2018|
|Lukavac||Town square||Memorial ossuary of fallen fighters of the NOR||Ossuary||1962||Dragiša Trifković||Yes||October 2018||Restored in 2011. Inscribed as National Monument of Bosnia & Herzegovina in 2019|
|Lukavac||In front of Fabrika Sode Lukavac||Memorial obelisk||Monument||Slavko Samek||Yes||October 2018||Already existed by mid-1950s.|
|Lukavac||‘Poletarac’ kindergarten||Bust of Sejfo Karamehmedović||Bust||No||October 2018||Created after 1970. Disappeared c.2001. Pedestal relocated to square in front of Dom Kultura in 2019.|
|Lukavac||Lukavac Mixed High School||Bust of Anton Macan||Bust||Pero Jelisić||Relocated||September 2019||Dates to 1980 or later. Relocated to square in front of Dom Kultura in 2019.|
|Lukavac||Lukavac Grad elementary school||Bust of Vjekoslav Tunjić||Bust||Srećko Galić||Yes||October 2018||Created after 1970. Moved to current location in 1980, with opening of new school building.|
|Lukavac||Trga slobode||Bust of Sejdo Karamehmedović||Bust||Pero Jelisić||Relocated||October 2018||Created after 1970. Relocated to square in front of Dom Kultura in 2016.|
|Lukavac||Trga slobode||Bust of Luka Ostrolučanin||Bust||Pero Jelisić||Relocated||October 2018||Created after 1970. Relocated to square in front of Dom Kultura in 2016.|
|Lukavac||Trga slobode||Bust of NH Veljko Lukić Kurjak||Bust||Srećko Galić||Relocated||October 2018||Created after 1970. Relocated to square in front of Dom Kultura in 2016.|
|Lukavac||Dom Kulture||Bust of NH Đuro Pucar Stari||Bust||1980||Pero Jelisić||Yes||October 2018|
|Lukavac||Marija Macan 8||Plaque to commemorate NOV & POJ command point||Memorial Plaque||Yes||November 2018||Existed prior to 1970. Text illegible from street.|
|Turija||Close to village centre||Fountain to commemorate fallen fighters||Fountain||No||November 2018||Re-dedicated to 1992-95 war prior to 2004. No longer existed by 2018.|
|Turija||Monument to mark the place of death of Meho Tubić||Monument||1980||Yes||October 2018||Heavily overgrown as of 2018.|
|Turija||Fatiševina hill||Monument to commemorate 17 fallen fighters of the Ozren Partisan Detachment||Monument||1980||Predrag Sremčević||Yes||October 2018||Replaced monument created in late 1940s. Heavily overgrown in 2018.|
|Turija||Elementary school||Bust of NH Miloš Kupres||Bust||No||October 2018||Created after 1970. Bust missing by 2004. Pedestal removed between 2004 and 2018.|
|Tumare||Elementary school||Bust of Predrag Marković Alimpije||Bust||1985||Pero Jelisić||No||December 2018||School lies in ruins. Pedestal remains in situ, but in very poor condition.|
|Tumare||Mrka Ploča||Monument to Predrag Marković Alimpije||Monument||No||December 2018||Poor condition 2004, only fragments of concrete foundations survived by 2018.|
|Panjik||Elementary school||Bust of NH Petar Dokić||Bust||No||October 2018||Created after 1970. No trace survives.|
|Krtova||Krtova-Komari crossroads||Fountain to commemorate the NOB||Fountain||Yes||October 2018||Created prior to 1970. Blaque no longer in existence by 2004.|
|Sižje||Monument to Fallen Fighters and Victims of Fascist Terror||Monument||Pero Jelisić||Yes||November 2018||Created after 1979. Heavily overgrown and in poor condition.|
|Gnojnica||Crossroads in village centre||Fountain to commemorate fallen fighters||Fountain||1978||Yes||October 2018||Restored between 2004 and 2018.|
|Donja Dobošnica||Next to mosque||Partisans’ Cemetery||Cemetery||1954||Yes||October 2018||Well-maintained and in good condition|
|Dobošnica||Elementary school||Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR||Monument||1953||Yes||October 2018|
|Donja Dobošnica||Local clinic||Memorial plaque on former Partisans’ Hospital||Memorial Plaque||No||December 2018||No longer in situ by 2004.|
|Devetak||Opposite old mosque||Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR||Monument||Yes||December 2018||In poor condition 2004, restored 2011, but in poor condition again.|
|Puračić||Village square||Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR||Monument||1949||Slavko Samek||No||October 2018||Renovated 1972, renovated between 2004 and 2018, demolished November 2019.|
|Puračić||Dom Kulture||Bust of Nikola Stjepanović||Bust||No||October 2018||Created after 1970, but almost certainly before 1981. Bust missing by 2004 and pedestal overturned. Pedestal removed by 2018.|
|Puračić||Dom Kulture||Memorial plaque||Memorial Plaque||No||October 2018||Reomoved prior to 2004.|
|Smoluća||Elementary school||Bust of Risto Mijić||Bust||No||October 2018||Almost certainly created after 1980. Missing prior to 2004. No trace remains.|
|Smoluća||Elementary school||Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR||Monument||Yes||October 2018||Relocated from adjacent plot in early 1970s. In poor condition by 2004, with commemorative plaque destroyed.|
|Gornje Crveno Brdo||Muslim cemetery||Grave of Osman Akeljić||Grave||Yes||November 2019||Restored between 2004 and 2019. Currently scheduled for relocation, due to being located on coalfield.|
|Lukavac||KHK Lukavac fire station||Bust of Boris Kidrič||Bust||Yes||October 2018||Created after 1970.|
|Tumare||Crossroads from Brijesnica Donja||Memorial fountain on Mrka Ploča||Fountain||Yes||October 2018||In very poor condition, although plaque survives.|
|Puračić||Bukva spring, village centre||Memorial fountain to commemorate the NOB||Fountain||1953||No||October 2019||Fountain still exists, but no evidence of commemorative nature survives|
|1||Monument to fallen fighters of the NOR, Bokavići|
|2||Monument to Fallen Fighters and Victims of Fascist Terror, Prokosovići|
|3||Monument to fallen fighters of the NOR, Prokosovići|
|4||Memorial fountain to commemorate village residents who fell in 1943-44, Bikodže|
|5||Monument to Victims of Fascist Terror 1941-45, Gornje Poljice|
|6||Memorial fountain, Gornje Poljice|
|7||Memorial fountain, Donje Poljice|
|8||Bust of NH Ragib Džindo, Gornje Poljice|
|9||Bust of Meho Tubić, Lukavac|
|10||Fountain to commemorate fallen fighters of the NOR, Lukavac|
|11||Bust of Aleksa Dundić, Lukavac|
|12||Plaque to commemorate regional KPJ conference in March 1941, Gornji Bistarac|
|13||Memorial Ossuary of Fallen Fighters of the NOR, Lukavac|
|14||Memorial obelisk, Lukavac|
|15||Bust of Sejfo Karamehmedović, Lukavac|
|16||Bust of Anton Macan, Lukavac|
|17||Bust of Vjekoslav Tunjić, Lukavac|
|18||Bust of Sejdo Karamehmedović, Lukavac|
|19||Bust of Luka Ostrolučanin, Lukavac|
|20||Bust of NH Veljko Lukić Kurjak, Lukavac|
|21||Bust of NH Đuro Pucar Stari, Lukavac|
|22||Plaque to commemorate NOV & POJ command point, Lukavac|
|23||Fountain to commemorate fallen fighters, Turija|
|24||Monument to mark the place of death of Meho Tubić, Turija|
|25||Monument to commemorate 17 fallen fighters of the Ozren Partisan Detachment, Turija|
|26||Bust of NH Miloš Kupres, Turija|
|27||Bust of Predrag Marković Alimpije, Tumare|
|28||Monument to Predrag Marković Alimpije, Tumare|
|29||Bust of NH Petar Dokić, Panjik|
|30||Fountain to commemorate the NOB, Krtova|
|31||Monument to Fallen Fighters and Victims of Fascist Terror, Sižje|
|32||Fountain to commemorate fallen fighters, Gnojnica|
|33||Partisans’ Cemetery, Donja Dobošnica|
|34||Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR, Dobošnica|
|35||Memorial plaque on former Partisans’ Hospital, Donja Dobošnica|
|36||Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR, Devetak|
|37||Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR, Puračić|
|38||Bust of Nikola Stjepanović, Puračić|
|39||Memorial plaque, Puračić|
|40||Bust of Risto Mijić, Smoluća|
|41||Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR, Smoluća|
|42||Grave of Osman Akeljić, Gornje Crveno Brdo|
|43||Bust of Boris Kidrič, Lukavac|
|44||Memorial fountain on Mrka Ploča, Tumare|
|45||Memorial fountain to commemorate the NOB, Puračić|
(precise coordinates can be obtained by contacting the author
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Adis Mujkić (b. 1995 in Tuzla) is a resident of Lukavac. Adis has been mapping and photographing monuments to the People’s Liberation War for spomenicinob.info since September 2018, and has so far worked on municipalities throughout Tuzla Canton, and co-authored the reports on Kladanj and Lukavac municipalities. He is a student at the University of Tuzla’s Faculty of Mining, Geology and Civil Engineering, and currently works in the logistics sector.