Lukavac Municipality

Summary

The municipality of Lukavac lies in Tuzla Canton, in the Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina. 

In a survey conducted in June 1970, 16 monuments and memorials to the People's Liberation War were recorded as existing on the territory of Lukavac municipality (2 memorial plaques, 4 fountains, 8 monuments of an artistic type, 1 grave, mass grave or ossuary, and 1 cemetery). In October 1979, Smail Tihić of the Republic Institute for the Protection of Monuments submitted a report to Lucavac’s municipal council, a copy of which survives to this day. The report, titled Aktuelni problemi sanacije, rekonstrukcije i prezentacije postojećih i izgradnje novih spomen-obilježja NOR-a i Revolucije (Current problems regarding the restoration, reconstruction and presentation of existing and construction of new memorials to the NOR and Revolution), names these sixteen monuments recorded in the 1970 survey. The report furthermore discusses a number of monuments in greater detail, in particular the memorial ossuary of fallen fighters of the NOR in Lukavac, the memorial obelisk on Patuševina, Turija, which was to be replaced shortly after the creation of the report, and the monument in Sižje, which had not yet been built.

In 2004, the municipal UBNOAR branch was commissioned to write a report on the current condition of monuments and memorials to the NOB on the territory of the municipality. This report, Spomenici NOB-a na području općine Lukavac (Monuments to the NOB on the territory of Lukavac municipality), contained a detailed list of all monuments within the municipality that were known to the Association, and summarized their condition at that time, accompanied by a photographic study. The report covers a total of 42 monuments. It must also be noted that this list erroneously included a bust of 19th century industrialist Ernest Solvay, which has been omitted from the report.

It must be noted that, in addition to the monuments mentioned here, during fieldwork undertaken by Adis Mujkić between September and December 2018, one additional monument – a memorial fountain in Mrka Ploča – was also discovered, and is included in this report. Additionally, while the UBNOAR documentation mentions only one monument upon the property of the elementary school in Smoluća, it was determined that, in fact, two separate monuments existed there, and therefore these are treated separately within this report. Also, information supplied by Semir Hadžimusić allowed the identification of a further monument on the territory of Lukavac municipality; a fountain in the village of Puračić known locally as Bukva (the name of the source, which has been used by villagers since at least as far back as the Ottoman period). This brings the total number of monuments and memorials to the People's Liberation War on the territory of Lukavac municipality to 45.

It is worth mentioning here that a detailed study of the memorial ossuary of fallen fighters of the NOR in Lukavac has been given by Senad Begović (2016, pp.459-468). His paper gives an extensive historical narrative of the monument, as well as an analysis of many archival texts important to understanding its creation and existence. The texts referenced therein have also proved invaluable for the creation of this report.

During the course of research, the memorial ossuary of fallen fighters of the NOR in Lukavac was declared a National Monument of Bosnia & Herzegovina. However, in November 2019, the final monument commemorating the NOR in the village of Puračić was destroyed. The monument, built in 1949/50, was one of the oldest to still survive on the territory of Tuzla Canton, and, despite a number of alterations to its surroundings and cladding, had maintained much of its original form up until its demolition.

Lukavac’s current spatial plan (2015, 273 pp.) does not mention any monuments to the People’s Liberation War specifically, but does contain the following statement: “A large number of cultural and historical monuments have been documented upon the territory of Lukavac municipality. Archaeological sites from the Middle Ages, and also monuments from the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian periods, and monuments to the NOB, have been recorded.”  (p.147).


Monuments & Memorials


Village/MZ Address Name Type Year Author Still Exists Date Mapped Description
Bokavići In front of Dom Kultura Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR Monument Yes October 2018 Created between 1978 and 1980, restored 2017.
Prokosovići Elementary school Monument to Fallen Fighters and Victims of Fascist Terror Monument Predrag Sremčević Yes October 2018 Created shortly after 1978, restored c.2010-12
Prokosovići Elementary school Monument to fallen fighters of the NOR Monument 1959 Yes October 2018 Original plaque missing by 2004, replaced prior to 2018.
Bikodže Memorial fountain to commemorate village residents who fell in 1943-44 Fountain 1960 Yes October 2018 Restored at some point in time between 2004 and 2018
Gornje Poljice Svatovac Monument to Victims of Fascist Terror 1941-45 Monument Yes October 2018 Created after 1970, in very poor condition
Gornje Poljice Mjesna Zajednica building Memorial fountain Fountain No October 2018 Created after 1970. No trace survived by 2004.
Donje Poljice Memorial fountain Fountain 1986 Yes October 2018 Poorly restored between 2004 and 2018.
Gornje Poljice Poljice elementary school Bust of NH Ragib Džindo Bust Srećko Galić In storage October 2019 Pedestal survives in situ, albeit in poor condition. Bust stored in school. Created after 1970.
Lukavac Small park to north of town centre Bust of Meho Tubić Bust 1977 Yes October 2018
Lukavac Small park to north of town centre Fountain to commemorate fallen fighters of the NOR Fountain Replaced October 2018 Replaced 2001
Lukavac Lukavac Mjesto elementary school Bust of Aleksa Dundić Bust Unknown October 2018 Created after 1970. Bust missing, but pedestal still in situ. Bust allegedly stored inside school.
Gornji Bistarac Gornji Bistarac elementary school Plaque to commemorate regional KPJ conference in March 1941 Memorial Plaque 1961 Yes October 2018
Lukavac Town square Memorial Ossuary of Fallen Fighters of the NOR Ossuary 1962 Dragiša Trifković Yes October 2018 Restored in 2011. Inscribed as National Monument of Bosnia & Herzegovina in 2019
Lukavac In front of Fabrika Sode Lukavac Memorial obelisk Monument Slavko Samek Yes October 2018 Existed prior to mid-1950s.
Lukavac ‘Poletarac’ kindergarten Bust of Sejfo Karamehmedović Bust No October 2018 Created after 1970. Disappeared c.2001. Pedestal relocated to square in front of Dom Kultura in 2019.
Lukavac Lukavac Mixed High School Bust of Anton Macan Bust Pero Jelisić Relocated September 2019 Dates to 1980 or later. Relocated to square in front of Dom Kultura in 2019.
Lukavac Lukavac Grad elementary school Bust of Vjekoslav Tunjić Bust Srećko Galić Yes October 2018 Created after 1970. Moved to current location in 1980, with opening of new school building.
Lukavac Trga slobode Bust of Sejdo Karamehmedović Bust Pero Jelisić Relocated October 2018 Created after 1970. Relocated to square in front of Dom Kultura in 2016.
Lukavac Trga slobode Bust of Luka Ostrolučanin Bust Pero Jelisić Relocated October 2018 Created after 1970. Relocated to square in front of Dom Kultura in 2016.
Lukavac Trga slobode Bust of NH Veljko Lukić Kurjak Bust Srećko Galić Relocated October 2018 Created after 1970. Relocated to square in front of Dom Kultura in 2016.
Lukavac Dom Kulture Bust of NH Đuro Pucar Stari Bust 1980 Pero Jelisić Yes October 2018
Lukavac Marija Macan 8 Plaque to commemorate NOV & POJ command point Memorial Plaque Yes November 2018 Existed prior to 1970. Text illegible from street.
Turija Close to village centre Fountain to commemorate fallen fighters Fountain No November 2018 Re-dedicated to 1992-95 war prior to 2004. No longer existed by 2018.
Turija Monument to mark the place of death of Meho Tubić Monument 1980 Yes October 2018 Heavily overgrown as of 2018.
Turija Fatiševina hill Monument to commemorate 17 fallen fighters of the Ozren Partisan Detachment Monument 1980 Predrag Sremčević Yes October 2018 Replaced monument created in late 1940s. Heavily overgrown in 2018.
Turija Elementary school Bust of NH Miloš Kupres Bust No October 2018 Created after 1970. Bust missing by 2004. Pedestal removed between 2004 and 2018.
Tumare Elementary school Bust of Predrag Marković Alimpije Bust 1985 Pero Jelisić No December 2018 School lies in ruins. Pedestal remains in situ, but in very poor condition.
Tumare Mrka Ploča Monument to Predrag Marković Alimpije Monument No December 2018 Poor condition 2004, only fragments of concrete foundations survived by 2018.
Panjik Elementary school Bust of NH Petar Dokić Bust No October 2018 Created after 1970. No trace survives.
Krtova Krtova-Komari crossroads Fountain to commemorate the NOB Fountain Yes October 2018 Created prior to 1970. Blaque no longer in existence by 2004.
Sižje Monument to Fallen Fighters and Victims of Fascist Terror Monument Pero Jelisić Yes November 2018 Created after 1979. Heavily overgrown and in poor condition.
Gnojnica Crossroads in village centre Fountain to commemorate fallen fighters Fountain 1978 Yes October 2018 Restored between 2004 and 2018.
Donja Dobošnica Next to mosque Partisans’ Cemetery Cemetery 1954 Yes October 2018 Well-maintained and in good condition
Dobošnica Elementary school Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR Monument 1953 Yes October 2018
Donja Dobošnica Local clinic Memorial plaque on former Partisans’ Hospital Memorial Plaque No December 2018 No longer in situ by 2004.
Devetak Opposite old mosque Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR Monument Yes December 2018 In poor condition 2004, restored 2011, but in poor condition again.
Puračić Village square Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR Monument 1949 Slavko Samek No October 2018 Renovated 1972, renovated between 2004 and 2018, demolished November 2019.
Puračić Dom Kulture Bust of Nikola Stjepanović Bust No October 2018 Created after 1970, but almost certainly before 1981. Bust missing by 2004 and pedestal overturned. Pedestal removed by 2018.
Puračić Dom Kulture Memorial plaque Memorial Plaque No October 2018 Reomoved prior to 2004.
Smoluća Elementary school Bust of Risto Mijić Bust No October 2018 Almost certainly created after 1980. Missing prior to 2004. No trace remains.
Smoluća Elementary school Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR Monument Yes October 2018 Relocated from adjacent plot in early 1970s. In poor condition by 2004, with commemorative plaque destroyed.
Gornje Crveno Brdo Muslim cemetery Grave of Osman Akeljić Grave Yes November 2019 Restored between 2004 and 2019. Currently scheduled for relocation, due to being located on coalfield.
Lukavac KHK Lukavac fire station Bust of Boris Kidrič Bust Yes October 2018 Created after 1970.
Tumare Crossroads from Brijesnica Donja Memorial fountain on Mrka Ploča Fountain Yes October 2018 In very poor condition, although plaque survives.
Puračić Bukva spring, village centre Memorial fountain to commemorate the NOB Fountain 1953 Yes October 2019 Fountain still exists, but no evidence of commemorative nature survives

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Map

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Key

Number Name
1 Monument to fallen fighters of the NOR, Bokavići
2 Monument to Fallen Fighters and Victims of Fascist Terror, Prokosovići
3 Monument to fallen fighters of the NOR, Prokosovići
4 Memorial fountain to commemorate village residents who fell in 1943-44, Bikodže
5 Monument to Victims of Fascist Terror 1941-45, Gornje Poljice
6 Memorial fountain, Gornje Poljice
7 Memorial fountain, Donje Poljice
8 Bust of NH Ragib Džindo, Gornje Poljice
9 Bust of Meho Tubić, Lukavac
10 Fountain to commemorate fallen fighters of the NOR, Lukavac
11 Bust of Aleksa Dundić, Lukavac
12 Plaque to commemorate regional KPJ conference in March 1941, Gornji Bistarac
13 Memorial Ossuary of Fallen Fighters of the NOR, Lukavac
14 Memorial obelisk, Lukavac
15 Bust of Sejfo Karamehmedović, Lukavac
16 Bust of Anton Macan, Lukavac
17 Bust of Vjekoslav Tunjić, Lukavac
18 Bust of Sejdo Karamehmedović, Lukavac
19 Bust of Luka Ostrolučanin, Lukavac
20 Bust of NH Veljko Lukić Kurjak, Lukavac
21 Bust of NH Đuro Pucar Stari, Lukavac
22 Plaque to commemorate NOV & POJ command point, Lukavac
23 Fountain to commemorate fallen fighters, Turija
24 Monument to mark the place of death of Meho Tubić, Turija
25 Monument to commemorate 17 fallen fighters of the Ozren Partisan Detachment, Turija
26 Bust of NH Miloš Kupres, Turija
27 Bust of Predrag Marković Alimpije, Tumare
28 Monument to Predrag Marković Alimpije, Tumare
29 Bust of NH Petar Dokić, Panjik
30 Fountain to commemorate the NOB, Krtova
31 Monument to Fallen Fighters and Victims of Fascist Terror, Sižje
32 Fountain to commemorate fallen fighters, Gnojnica
33 Partisans’ Cemetery, Donja Dobošnica
34 Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR, Dobošnica
35 Memorial plaque on former Partisans’ Hospital, Donja Dobošnica
36 Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR, Devetak
37 Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR, Puračić
38 Bust of Nikola Stjepanović, Puračić
39 Memorial plaque, Puračić
40 Bust of Risto Mijić, Smoluća
41 Monument to Fallen Fighters of the NOR, Smoluća
42 Grave of Osman Akeljić, Gornje Crveno Brdo
43 Bust of Boris Kidrič, Lukavac
44 Memorial fountain on Mrka Ploča, Tumare
45 Memorial fountain to commemorate the NOB, Puračić
(precise coordinates can be obtained by contacting the author

Resources

Begović, Senad (2016). Spomen-kosturnica poginulim učesnicima NOR-a u Lukavcu kao kulturno-historijsko naslijeđe Antifašizma in Kulturno-historijsko i prirodno naslijeđe općine Lukavac: Zbornik Radova, pp.459-468. Lukavac: Javna biblioteka Lukavac & Zavod za zaštitu i korištenje kulturno-historijskog i prirodnog naslijeđa Tuzlanskog kantona.

dragisatrifkovic.com (2016). 1960. Pobjeda Sloboda, gips model za Lukavac [photograph] (unknown date).

Available: http://www.dragisatrifkovic.com/vajarstvo.html

Front Slobode (1962). Velika svečanost povodom oslobođenja Lukavca. Issue dated Monday 17.IX.1962, p.5.

Front Slobode (1980) Dug Revolucionaru. Year XXXVII, no. 1985, issue dated Friday 18.IV.1980.

Front Slobode (1980) Otkriven Spomenik Narodnim Herojima Milošu Kupresu i Petru Dokiću. Issue dated June 1980, p.1.

Hadžimusić, Semir (2014). Kultura Lukavca u periodu 1945-1953. godine, unpublished Master's thesis, Philosophy Faculty of the University of Tuzla.

Kovačević, Radivoje (1990). Drama u Vukosavcima. Brčko: Opštinski odbor SUBNOR-a Brčko,218 pp. 

Available: http://www.znaci.net/00002/372.pdf

Kožar, Azem (ed.) (1988). Tuzlanski Narodnooslobodilački Partizanski Odred. 405 pp. Tuzla: Univerzal & OOUR Izdavačka djelatnost Tuzla.

Available: http://www.znaci.net/00002/403.pdf

Manojlović, Lazar (2006). Nova galerija i izložba Srećka Galića: Dva kulturna događaja u Tuzli in Most - časopis za obrazovanje, nauku i kulturu, No. 204 (115 new series), Year XXXI pp.42-45, November 2006.

Općina Lukavac (2015) Prostorni Plan Općine Lukavac 2015-2035, 273 pp. Banja Luka: Institut za Građevinarstvo „IG“, d.o.o. Banja Luka.

OŠ “Turija” (2017). 6. Juni Dan Mjesne Zajednice Turija. Published 8 June 2017.

Available: https://osturija.wordpress.com/tag/dan-mjesne-zajednice-turija/

Patković , Milanko & Plećaš, Dušan (1975) Spomen-obilježja narodnooslobodilačkog rata Jugoslavije, 190 pp. Osijek: Glas Slavonije.

Perić, Jeremija Ješo & Pašić, Dževad (1989). Lukavac u Radničkom Pokretu, Narodnooslobodilačkom Ratu i Revoluciji, 370 pp. Lukavac: Opštinski odbor SUBNOR-a, Opštinski komitet SK & Opštinsko vijeće Saveza sindikata Lukavac.

Sakić, Mihad (2015). Mala povijest Lukavca II - Ekrem Nuhić. Published 20 February 2015. 

Available: http://arhivizam.blogspot.com/2015/02/ljudi-koji-su-nas-zaduzili-ekrem-nuhic.html

Sakić, Mihad (2016a). Festival u Puračiću. Published 5 June 2016. 

Available: http://arhivizam.blogspot.com/2016/06/festival-u-puracicu.html

Sakić, Mihad (2016b). Omladinska radna akcija (ORA) „Lukavac '82“ - DAN BORCA. Published 5 July 2016.

Available: http://arhivizam.blogspot.com/2016/07/omladinska-radna-akcija-ora-lukavac-82.html

Savezni Zavod za Statistiku, Savet za Čovekovu Sredinu i Prostorno Uređenje (1982). Zaštićena Graditeljska Baština Jugoslavije: Dokumentacija; Knjiga II, Sveska 1 – SR Bosna i Hercegovina. Belgrade:  Savezni Zavod za Statistiku, 131 pp.

SodaLIVE.ba (2011). Počela obnova spomen kosturnice u parku Macan Marije, radnici postavljaju nove mermerne ploče. Published 11 December 2011. 

Available: https://www.sodalive.ba/aktuelnosti/pocela-obnova-spomen-kosturnice-u-parku-macan-marije-radnici-postavljaju-nove-mermerne-ploce/

SodaLIVE.ba (2017). Bokavići: Dva penzionera u akciji rekonstrukcije spomenika borcima NOB-a. Published 7 May 2017.

Available: https://www.sodalive.ba/aktuelnosti/mjesne-zajednice/bokavici-dva-penzionera-u-akciji-rekonstrukcije-spomenika-borcima-nob-a/

SodaLIVE.ba (2019). Rušenjem starog spomenika, počela gradnja obeliska u Puračiću. Published 5 November 2019. 

Available: https://www.sodalive.ba/aktuelnosti/lukavac-grad/rusenjem-starog-spomenika-pocela-gradnja-obeliska-u-puracicu-foto/

Tihić, Smail (1979). Opština Lukavac, Aktuelni problemi sanacije, rekonstrukcije i prezentacije postojećih i izgradnje novih spomen obilježja NOR-a i revolucije, unpublished document, 26 pp. Archives of SUBNOR Lukavac.

UBNOAR Lukavac (2005). Spomenici NOB-a na području općine Lukavac, unpublished document contained within Informacija o stanju Domova kulture i zaštiti kulturnih i historijskih spomenika na teritoriji općine Lukavac, document presented to Lukavac Municipal Council, September 2005. Archives of SUBNOR Lukavac.

Unknown Author (1964). Zaštićeni Spomenici Narodnooslobodilačkog Rata in Naše Starine IX, pp. 239-245 Sarajevo: Zavoda za zaštitu spomenika kulture Bosne i Hercegovine.

Unknown Authors (1978) Monografija Mjesne zajednice Prokosovići, Prokosovići: MZ Prokosovići.

Zorić, Božo (ed.) (1989). Osnovno školstvo u Lukavcu i okolini: Istorijskohronološki prikaz, Lukavac: Organizacioni odbor za obilježavanje stogodišnjice osnovnog školstva i učiteljstva u Lukavcu i okolini.