Kladanj Municipality

Summary

The present-day municipality of Kladanj differs slightly in its borders from the pre-1992 municipality as a result of the 1995 Dayton Agreement. It is located in Tuzla Canton, within the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It must be noted that, although much of the source documentation used for the compilation of this report relates to the municipality’s pre-1992 borders, it is not believed that any monuments or memorials were created upon the territories added to the municipality after 1995.

In a survey conducted between 12 and 14 August 1969, a total of 13 monuments and memorials to the NOB were recorded on the territory of Kladanj municipality. The NOB heritage of Kladanj municipality was also the subject of the 1990 study Kulturno-istorijsko i prirodno nasljeđe - opština Kladanj, created by the Tuzla Institute for the Protection and Use of Culturo-Historical and Natural Heritage, which recorded a total of 13 monuments and memorials to the NOB and Revolution upon the territory of Kladanj municipality at that time. In addition to these 13 monuments and memorials, one memorial plaque not included in this list was mentioned by Patković & Plećaš (1975, p.28), while the authors were made aware of a further memorial plaque (on a building which has since been transformed into a memorial house with permanent exhibition) during the process of information gathering, bringing the total number of monuments and memorials in the municipality to 15. These were all visited and recorded during fieldwork undertaken by Elma Halilović, Adis Mujkić, Andrew Lawler and Armin Silard between September 2018 and October 2019.

Kladanj municipality’s Spatial Plan (Službeni Glasnik Općine Kladanj 2/18, 2018) replicates the list included in the 1989 study (p.167), with no additions or exclusions besides the fact that it additionally classifies ‘Tito’s Cave’ in Plahovići as a natural monument, categorizing it as a ‘memorial monument of nature’ (p.162). An interview with Armin Silard, President of the local UABNOR branch, in July 2019 helped clarify many issues relating to the condition of monuments and their post-1995 restorations. Follow-up correspondence with Mr Silard also provided invaluable information relating to the history of restoration efforts, as did archival documentation and photographs made available by Mr Silard.


Monuments & Memorials


Village/MZ Address Name Type Year Author Still Exists Date Mapped Description
Kladanj Town centre Monument to fallen fighters Monument 1954 Yes September 2018 Renovated in 2013, in relatively good condition.
Kladanj Town hall Memorial plaque to honour the liberators of the town Memorial Plaque 1954 Yes September 2018 In excellent condition.
Kladanj Town centre Bust of Akif Šeremet Bust 1970 Pero Jelisić Yes September 2018 Bust cleaned and pedestal modified in recent years.
Kladanj Post office Memorial plaque to honour the 16th Muslim Brigade Memorial Plaque 1976 Yes September 2018 In excellent condition.
Kladanj Srmać Plaque to commemorate residence of Supreme Command & Tito Memorial Plaque Yes May 2019 Second plaque added c.2013. Both plaques in good condition, but facade of building in very poor state.
Kladanj Tiskovačka Ul. Fountain to commemorate Timija Gojačić Fountain 1952 Yes September 2018 Largely dismantled during 1992-95 war, reconstructed c.2012
Plahovići “Tito’s Cave” complex Memorial Park Yes September 2018 Site consisting of 2 caves and 3 memorial plaques, 1 dating to pre-1962, 1 to 2012, and another to pre-2014
Plahovići Plaque to commemorate residence of Supreme Command & Tito Memorial Plaque Yes July 2019 Current plaque dates to c.2011-13, and building now turned into memorial house
Dikanovac Memorial to Victims of Fascist Terror Monument 1978 Yes September 2018 In relatively good condition, albeit with minor damage
Miljkovac Memorial to fallen fighters of the VI Eastern Bosnian Brigade Monument 1952 Yes June 2019 Rebuilt 2011, with new memorial plaque. Located within Konjuh Protected Landscape
Miljkovac Plaque placed by the volunteer firefighters’ organization Memorial Plaque 1966 Unknown June 2019 Commemorates 25th anniversary of the Uprising. Could not be located during visit to the site
Stupari Partisans' cemetery Cemetery 1959 Yes May 2019 Significantly altered in recent years, and in poor condition
Starić Monument to fallen fighters and Victims of Fascist Terror Monument 1951 Yes May 2019 Restored at least twice since 1995
Tuholj Collective grave of Victims of Fascist Terror Communal Grave Yes September 2018 Restored 2012
Pepići Monument to formation of the Kladanj NOP Detachment Monument 1961 Yes October 2019 In relatively good condition

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Map

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Key

Number Name
1 Monument to fallen fighters, Kladanj
2 Memorial plaque to honour the liberators of the town, Kladanj
3 Bust of Akif Šeremet, Kladanj
4 Plaque to honour the 16th Muslim Brigade, Kladanj
5 Plaque to commemorate residence of Supreme Command & Tito, Kladanj
6 Fountain to commemorate Timija Gojačić, Kladanj
7 "Tito’s Cave", Plahovići
8 Plaque to commemorate residence of Supreme Command & Tito, Plahovići
9 Memorial to Victims of Fascist Terror, Dikanovac
10 Memorial to fallen fighters of the 6th Eastern Bosnian Brigade, Miljkovac
11 Plaque placed by the volunteer firefighters’ organization, Miljkovac
12 Partisans' cemetery, Stupari
13 Monument to fallen fighters and Victims of Fascist Terror, Starić
14 Collective grave of Victims of Fascist Terror, Tuholj
15 Monument to the formation of the Kladanj NOP Detachment, Pepići
(precise coordinates can be obtained by contacting the author

Resources

Commission to Preserve National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2000). Privremena lista nacionalnih spomenika Bosne i Hercegovine. Available: http://old.kons.gov.ba/main.php?id_struct=165&lang=1
Lević, Esaf (2018). Tito u Kladnju (1943-2018). Tuzla: JU Muzej Istočne Bosne Tuzla, Savez Antifašista i Boraca NOR-a Tuzlanskog Kantona, Savez Antifašista i Boraca NOR-a Kladanj.
msskladanj.com.ba (2018) Matursko veče maturanata 2017/18. Originally published 6 May 2018. Available: http://www.msskladanj.com.ba/half_content.php?id=145
Mušić, Edita & Lawler, Andrew (2018). Monuments and memorials to the People’s Liberation War on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina – their current status and condition: Živinice municipality. Available: https://www.academia.edu/37806827
Općina Kladanj (2018). Prostorni Plan Općine Kladanj za period od 2014. do 2034. godine, 283pp. Banja Luka: "Institut za Građevinarstvo – IG", d.o.o., republished in Službeni Glasnik Općine Kladanj 2/18.
Patković , Milanko & Plećaš, Dušan (1975) Spomen-obilježja narodnooslobodilačkog rata Jugoslavije, 190 pp. Osijek: Glas Slavonije.
Savić, Milenko (1971). “Stvaranje i vojnopolitičko djelovanje Kladanjskog partizanskog odreda u NOB” in Istočna Bosna u NOR-u – sjećanja učesnika, vol. 2, pp.607-615. Belgrade: Vojnoizdavački Zavod. Available: http://www.znaci.net/00003/751.php
Zavod za urbanizam Tuzla (2006). Prostorni Plan za područje Tuzlanskog Kantona 2005-2025., 397pp. Tuzla: Zavod za urbanizam Tuzla.
Zavod za zaštitu i korištenje kulturno-istorijskog i prirodnog nasljeđa Tuzla (1990) Kulturno-istorijsko i prirodno nasljeđe - opština Kladanj. Tuzla: Zavod za zaštitu i korištenje kulturno-istorijskog i prirodnog nasljeđa Tuzla.
Zakona o proglašenju dijela područja planine Konjuh Zaštićenim pejzažom „Konjuh“. Službene novine Tuzlanskog kantona no. 13/09.